A car cylinder is an essential part of an engine, where the fuel burns in a chamber to generate power. The cylinder comprises a piston and two valves at the top, one for inlet and one for exhaust. The piston goes up and down, and the power generated by its reciprocating action drives your vehicle. The more cylinders your engine has, the more power it generates. Most automobiles have four-, six-, or eight-cylinder engines arranged in a straight line, V-shaped, or flat pattern.
How Do the Cylinders Work?
First, let’s learn how an engine works to understand how cylinders function. The engine consists of a series of cylinders and a piston. The engine must go through four steps to power your car (a four-stroke): intake, compression, power, and exhaust.
- During the intake stroke, a piston travels within the cylinder, and the inlet valve opens, allowing fuel and air to mix.
- The compression stroke enables the piston to compress the explosive fuel-air mixture. The power stroke is a stage in which combustion occurs, which creates a spark.
- The outlet valve opens during the exhaust stroke, allowing the piston to drop and the exhaust gases to exit through the outlet.
- Thus, cylinders play a significant role in generating power inside your engine by directing which pistons should move and when to burn the fuel.
Types Of Cylinder Engines
Symptoms of a bad cylinder engine
- Engine power has decreased noticeably.
- Driving with excessive vibration.
- The fuel economy has deteriorated.
- While idling, the vehicle shakes.
- Starting the vehicle is difficult.
- When the check engine light comes on, your vehicle emits black exhaust.
CAUSES OF CAR CYLINDER FAILURE
- FAULTY SPARK PLUGS: Bad spark plugs result in unburned fuel and air mixture to accumulate in the car cylinders. This damages the cylinder walls and other engine components, causing the engine to misfire or worst cause engine failure.
- CORROSION OF CYLINDER COMPONENTS: Corrosion of the cylinder walls can occur due to the buildup of acidic substances such as carbon, oil, and coolant. Corrosion can cause the walls to weaken, leading to leaks or cracks. Over time, the damage to cylinder walls can worsen, leading to car cylinder failure.
- BAD IGNITION COIL: A bad ignition coil can cause cylinder failure by leading to misfires, which occur when the fuel and air mixture fails to ignite properly inside the cylinder. When this happens, the unburned fuel can wash down the cylinder walls. This further causes damage to the piston rings and cylinder walls. Over time, the extent of damage can cause compression loss, which reduces engine power and can lead to engine failure.
- POOR LUBRICATION: The cylinder walls require proper lubrication to function correctly. Lack of lubrication can cause the cylinder walls to wear out, leading to decreased compression and reduced engine power.
- BAD FUEL INJECTOR: A bad fuel injector disrupts the fuel and air mixture inside the cylinder. If the fuel injector fails to deliver enough fuel, it can cause the engine to run lean. This further leads to increased temperatures and pressure inside the cylinder resulting in car cylinder failure.
- ENGINE OVERHEATING: Overheating of the car engine can cause the cylinder walls to warp, leading to leaks or cracks in the cylinder walls. Additionally, overheating can cause a lack of lubrication and increased friction between engine components. It can accelerate wear and tear and further increase the risk of cylinder failure.
SYMPTOMS OF CAR CYLINDER FAILURE
- LOSS OF POWER: One of the most common symptoms of car cylinder failure is loss of power. The engine may have difficulty accelerating or acceleration feels sluggish. This can be the result of a bad oxygen sensor, an improper air-fuel ratio, or low fuel pressure.
- ENGINE MISFIRE: If a cylinder fails, the engine may misfire or run unevenly. An unbalanced engine can cause car shaking as a result of a misfiring. The engine may jolt or vibrate violently as it misfires and loses power.
- REDUCED FUEL EFFICIENCY: A failed car cylinder can cause the engine to use more fuel than necessary. It is one of the common reasons that cars become less fuel efficient.
- ENGINE OVERHEATING: Another symptom of car cylinder failure is engine overheating. The engine may overheat due to decreased coolant flow and increased friction in the engine.
- WHITE SMOKE: One of the common symptoms of car cylinder failure is the emission of white smoke from the exhaust. This is due to the coolant leaking into the cylinder and being burnt with the fuel.
- LOUD ENGINE NOISE: A failed cylinder or cracked cylinder head can cause loud engine noises, such as knocking or tapping, due to decreased compression or interrupted combustion reaction.
- CHECK ENGINE LIGHT TURNS ON: One of the reasons that the check engine light activates is due to car cylinder failure. Many modern cars come equipped with specialized built-in sensors that can track the engine’s performance. So when they detect poor engine performance, the check engine light activates.