Guide to Disc Brakes:
When it comes to driving safety, nothing is more critical than your tires and brakes. Here is a guide to a passenger-vehicle brake disc. We explain how it works, why you should have brake disc on your vehicle, what kind of wear to expect and the needs for maintenance.
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A Disc Brake is a type of brake that uses the calipers to squeeze pairs of pads against a disc or a “rotor” to create friction. This action slows the rotation of a shaft, such as a vehicle axle, either to reduce its rotational speed or to hold it stationary.
Braking System Basics:
Disc brakes are based on a hydraulic pressure system. Braking starts with a mechanical force — your foot pressing the brake pedal.
- A piston compresses brake fluid inside the master cylinder located under your vehicle’s
hood near your engine. This creates a lot of hydraulic pressure, generating a much
bigger force than that of the small effort of pressing down on the pedal.
- The pressure is transferred via the brake fluid through the brake lines then through brake
hoses (flexible tubes) that connect the lines with brake assemblies at each wheel.
- There, wheel cylinders convert that hydraulic pressure back to mechanical force. Brake
friction material is pushed against the brake disc or drum, slowing or stopping your