Meaning of Brake Pads:
Brake Pads: A thin block, typically one of a pair, which presses on to the disc in a disc brake. Brake pads are a component of disc brakes used in automotive and other applications.
Brake pads are composed of steel backing plates with friction material bound to the surface that face the disc brake rotors.
Functions of Brake Pads:
Brake pads convert the kinetic energy of a vehicle to thermal energy through friction. Two brake pads are contained in the brake with their friction surfaces facing the rotor.
When the brakes are hydraulically applied, the calliper clamps or squeezes the two pads together onto the spinning rotor to slow and stop the vehicle. Brake pad heats up due to contact with the rotor, thus it transfers small amounts of its friction material onto the disc, leaving a dull grey coating on it. The brake pad and disc (both now having the friction material), then “stick” to each other, providing the friction that stops the vehicle.
In disc brakes, there are usually two brake pads per disc rotor. These are held in place and actuated by a calliper affixed to the wheel hub or suspension upright. Racing callipers, however, can utilize up to six pads, with varying frictional properties in a staggered pattern for optimum performance.
Depending on the properties of the material, the weight of the vehicle and the speeds it is driven at, disc wear rates may vary. The brake pads must usually be replaced regularly (depending on pad material) to prevent brake fade. Most brake pads are equipped with wear sensor which alerts the driver when a replacement needs to be done.
A common technique is manufacturing a small central groove whose eventual disappearance by wear indicates the end of a pad’s service life. Other methods include placing a thin strip of soft metal in a groove, such that when exposed (due to wear) the brakes squeal audibly. A soft metal wear tab can also be embedded in the pad material that closes an electric circuit when the brake pad wears thin, lighting a dashboard warning light.