Posted in: Oil Pump

What is the purpose of an oil pump?

What is the purpose of an oil pump?

For other uses, see Oil pump. The oil pump in an internal combustion engine part that circulates engine oil under pressure to the rotating bearings, the sliding pistons and the camshaft of the engine. This lubricates the bearings, allows the use of higher-capacity fluid bearings and also assists in cooling the engine.

Where is the oil pump located in an engine?


It is generally located inside the lower part of the engine, usually below and/or to one side of the crankshaft. On dry sump engines, at least two oil pumps are required: one to pressurize and distribute the oil around the engine components, and at least one other ‘scavenge pump’ to evacuate the oil which has pooled at the bottom of the engine.

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